Did you know that menopause, which is a natural process that every woman faces, causes serious health problems when left untreated in the long term?
“For menopause, which is a natural process that every woman encounters in the long term, it brings the risk of cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis when left untreated. Op. Dr. Mine Fisun Ergül stated that early diagnosis and treatment are important in this process.”
Menopause can be overcome more easily with physical and mental support. Although menopause is known as the cessation of menstruation among the people, it can sometimes be detected by accidental tests even in menstruating women. The average age of menopause is 45-50, and it is observed as 46-48 in Turkish women. Sometimes it can be seen at an earlier age, sometimes at an older age.
Insomnia, forgetfulness, attention to depression
Clinical symptoms of menopause may include hot flushes, sweating, depressed mood, sexual reluctance, changes in eating habits, bone pain, fatigue, tendency to gain weight, forgetfulness, insomnia, and difficulty concentrating. After a detailed examination and laboratory examinations, especially an increase in FSH level and a decrease in estradiol level lead us to the diagnosis of menopause. However, typical laboratory symptoms may not be present in the premenopausal period. Even if the test results say menopause, clinically, a woman’s cessation of menstruation for 1-2 years confirms the diagnosis of menopause. During this period, not only hormone tests, but also regular biochemistry tests, mammography, breast USG, bone density measurement guide us in planning the treatment to be given. As always, regular annual pap smear checks are essential in treatment.
Smoking and being overweight increase risk
If the symptoms of menopause develop under the age of 40, it is called early. Symptoms of early menopause do not differ from general menopause symptoms. When left untreated in the long term, it brings with it an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis. Therefore, it should be diagnosed and treated early. If there are no contraindications, hormone replacement therapy should be performed.
In the etiology of early menopause, there are personal and environmental factors as well as genetic factors. The risk is high if the maternal aunt and sister entered menopause early. The risk of early menopause is higher in thin or overweight women, smokers, those with nutritional deficiencies and some chronic diseases. Sometimes, early menopause develops after surgery or applied drug-chemical treatments.
Delaying menopause may increase cancer risk
Being under the influence of estrogen hormone for a long time increases the risk of uterine, breast and ovarian cancer. Menopause treatment is individualized. Physician controls should not be interrupted in the arrangement and maintenance of treatment. Hormone replacement therapy should be decided and applied by considering the benefit-harm ratio. The diet should be applied in the most beneficial way in this process. Since the tendency to gain weight is common during menopause, more exercise should be taken, pastries, fatty, sweet and salty foods with calories should be avoided, easy-to-digest fresh vegetables, fruits, protein-based diet and plenty of water should be consumed. In order to get through this process comfortably, social activities should be emphasized as much as possible and social relations should be observed.