Experts explain why osteoporosis is more common in women!

Osteoporosis, which can be seen in all bones in the body, mostly affects the spine, hip and wrist. It is mostly silent unless fracture occurs.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Associate Professor Ahmet İnanır gave important information on the subject. Osteoporosis, known among the people as osteoporosis, is the most common bone disease that occurs when the bones in the body become weak and brittle as a result of the decrease in their hardness.

Osteoporosis, which can be seen in all bones in the body, mostly affects the spine, hip and wrist. It is mostly silent unless fracture occurs. Spine, hip, wrist fractures may occur due to increased bone fragility. Osteoporosis is a disease that usually starts at the age of 45 and increases the probability of bone fracture due to the decrease in calcium in the bone structure.

What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?

The most common symptom of osteoporosis is pain in the spine and back. The cause of these pains is explained as micro-fractures in the weakened bone. There are many fractures in the bones at the microscopic level. These fractures are repaired with new bone tissue made by the body. However, this metabolic state slows down in osteoporosis. In this case, small fractures can grow and cause large fractures. Among the symptoms of osteoporosis, low back and back pain, shortening in height, fractures that can lead to hump can be counted.

Why is osteoporosis more common in women?

According to the data of the Turkish Osteoporosis Society; It can be seen over the age of 50 (one in three women and one in five men). Osteoporosis is more common in thin, thin and slender women. In women, going through menopause is an important risk factor for osteoporosis. Premenopausal osteoporosis is rare in women. Bone resorption and fractures are common after menopause. The most important reason for this is that women entering the menopause period experience a decrease in female hormones.

Why is osteoporosis less common in men?

Men have a shorter life expectancy than women, have a high rate of bone mass in men during skeletal development, have a protective effect of “testosterone”, also known as the male hormone, on bones, and the absence of a condition such as menopause, which accelerates bone destruction, can be counted.

What are the risk factors for osteoporosis?

Being in advanced age, genetic predisposition, insufficient sunbathing, insufficient calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D intake, female gender, being in the post-menopausal period, Disorders of thyroid and sex hormones, adrenal gland diseases, continuous use of steroid-containing drugs, smoking – alcohol – coffee consumption, leading a sedentary lifestyle.

How is it diagnosed?

The diagnosis of osteoporosis is made according to the data obtained by the method called DEXA and whether there is a fracture or not.

How is the treatment?

It is necessary to treat osteoporosis with drug and non-drug methods. If fractures or fractures have not occurred in patients diagnosed with osteoporosis, preventive treatment should be started. The main principle in preventive treatment is to enable the patient to gain activity and exercise. Brisk walking, swimming can maintain the existing strength of the bone. Drug treatment is preferred according to the patient’s condition and may vary according to each patient. Protective drugs, on the other hand, can reduce and balance the destruction seen in the period of osteoporosis. Such drugs are used in treatment in accordance with the age group of the patient. Some additional measures should be taken to reduce the pain associated with these fractures in patients who have started fractures in the spine in advanced osteoporosis. Regular exercise programs, corset treatment and filling the bone marrow with organic materials are the points that should be applied in the treatment. Considering that osteoporosis is a very common disease, it can also occur in you and can cause serious problems in later ages, so you should take care to have your check-ups regularly.

What are the ways to prevent osteoporosis?

From a young age, it is important to gain a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, to do sports, and to sunbathe. Avoidance of smoking and alcohol, early recognition of osteoporosis, timely provision of appropriate treatment in patients with osteoporosis and prevention of fracture formation. It is necessary to ensure that patients who develop fractures survive with minimum damage, prevent complications and increase their quality of life.