Bodies of water trapped in glass beads discovered in lunar soil

China’s Chang’e 5 rover, which has been on our moon for a while, has revealed that there are small glass beads containing water bodies on the lunar surface. This discovery could enable us to develop a whole new perspective on the water found on the Moon.

China’s Chang’e 5 rover has found tiny glass beads containing water in the soil on the surface of an impact crater on the Moon. . The samples collected have water content as high as 2,000 parts per million (PPM). Given the prevalence of these glass beads on the lunar surface, our satellite There may be 71 trillion gallons of water.

Some beads were formed millions of years ago when asteroids collided with the Moon, while others appear to have come from ancient volcanoes. Scientists believe this water is formed by a chemical reaction that takes place when hydrogen ions emitted from the sun combine with the oxygen atoms inside the beads. According to the statement, water-filled beads, “ from tens of micrometers to a few millimeters Available in a variety of sizes. Still, enough of them to theoretically supply an estimated 270 trillion kilograms of water on the Moon’s surface could present an important option.

However, scientists have not yet figured out how to collect these water balls, and the water must be heated to around 100 degrees Celsius to extract it. Still, these water beads could be a resource for future lunar settlements, where astronauts can use the water to drink, bathe, cook, clean and even produce rocket fuel.

Scientists think that other moons in our Solar System may have similar beads. The authors of the study, Our direct measurements of this surface reservoir of lunar water show that impact glass beads can store significant amounts of solar wind-derived water on the Moon, suggesting that impact glass may be water reservoirs on other airless bodies.” he wrote and continued: “ The presence of water stored in impact glass beads is consistent with remote detection of water in the sub-latitude regions of the Moon, Vesta, and Mercury. Our findings show that impact glasses on the surface of the Solar System’s airless bodies have the ability to store and release water derived from the solar wind into space.

But these glass beads aren’t the first water samples we’ve seen on the Moon. In 2009, NASA’s probe that crashed into Cabeus crater also detected water, and in 2018 NASA found direct evidence of ice deposits in the Moon’s permanently shadowed craters at the north and south poles. NASA and China/Russia plan to establish lunar bases at the Moon’s South Pole within the next decade, and both rival ventures hope to have habitable bases by the early to mid-2030s.